Booming: Television News Channels in India

Prior to the internet-based gambling revolution, and even prior to the rise the popularity of tribe casinos, a cruise was the sole legal way to gamble in the US apart from Las Vegas and Atlantic City casinos. Today, betting on the riverboat casinos is just one of the options that the recreational gambler faces whenever he is feeling like rolling the dice.

The story of casino cruises and riverboat casinos in the United States goes back to the early 19th century when the Mississippi River was a major commercial center for farmers as well as merchants. The river towns became major attraction for professional gamblers, often referred to as cardsharps who were hunting the travelers who carried huge quantities of cash.

Five cardsharps were executed on the Mississippi in 1835, professional gamblers drove away from the south. The practice of riverboat betting continued to be a casual routine between travelers. The two decades prior to the Civil War saw the pick of casinos on riverboats that were luxurious.

The image of the riverboat player has changed a lot in the last century. If in the 19th century riverboat gambling was a part of the KANNADANEWS frontier lifestyle, today, a cruise on a casino is something you’d purchase to commemorate your grandparents’ birthday.

The first State that legalized casino riverboats in Iowa in 1989. The casinos that are now riverboats are legal in Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina and Texas. In some states, the casino riverboats actually sail on the ocean, while some are permanently anchored and never leave the dock. The second type of riverboat casinos enable recreational gamblers to simply get on the nearest casino and play their favorite casino game for just a few hours.

The games played in casinos on rivers vary from one state to another. It is common to play slot machines as well as classic table games like blackjack roulette, craps and roulette baccarat, etc. Certain riverboat casinos have poker rooms where guests have the opportunity to compete in Texas Holdem against one another. Most of the casino cruises are family-friendly and have different activities apart from gambling like live entertainment for kids.

If you are contemplating taking part in a casino cruise, you do not have to be concerned about playing cards or a tough competition around the poker table. Most of the people who participate in a cruise are avid gamblers who enjoy a good game of craps between elegant dining and sun-bathing in the boat. Additionally, you’ll enjoy a much nicer and a more patient experience from casino employees and dealers as opposed to a typical Las Vegas casino.

If spending the weekend at an on-water casino is for you, consider one of Florida daily casino cruises. If you take Sterling Casino Lines cruise, for example, you can leave at 11 am and return at 18 pm. Sterling Casino Lines cruises take place in an area of 75,000 square feet for gambling area , which includes more than 1000 slot machines as well as 50 table games.

Sterling Casino Line cruise is only one example from numerous possibilities available in the United States for those of you who wish to bet on the nation’s rivers, lakes and seas. The selection of casino cruises along with riverboat docks casino options include the most luxurious Las Vegas styles casinos and less expensive alternatives. If you are a gambler just for fun , and you are prone to suffer from sea sickness taking a cruise is a great distraction for one day or even a full weekend.

News programs have become a popular and are competing for attention with other popular shows telecast on different channels. Every major broadcaster is adding at least one news channel to their bouquet. The biggest hurdle to launching a satellite channel is programme software for round the clock. This is why news gathering is a key task for the 24 hour news channels. To meet this need the newly-created electronic channels have always been trying to keep track of all events regardless of the location, location and time. These channels not only revolutionized the concept of news broadcast on Indian television but also changed the news formats. In the 1990s, Doordarshan had been the sole provider of news on Indian television and also turned the news programs into a routine exercise. Now the private channels made the news an essential commodity like clothing, food and shelter. The main benefit of current news bulletins is their quality, accuracy, gloss editing and high-quality visuals. News has traveled many times since the DD era. From local events to International happenings, breaking news to news analysis, TV soap to news page3 Every event falls under the coverage of news. In this article, we have covered some significant changes regarding news broadcasting in India prior to and following that of the Gulf War.

Indian Television – Flash Back

Television in India is going through significant changes due to the liberalized environment. To grasp these changes one must have some brief idea of the routes taken by television channels up to now. The venture began as an experiment using the financial aid of UNESCO on September 15th, 1959. The makeshift studio located at Akashvani Bhavan located in New Delhi was chosen for location of the experiment. The first experiment was a one-hour program, broadcast twice a week, on health in the community, citizen rights, traffic and education, etc. As far as news is involved, it began exactly six years after inception of television broadcasting. The daily one-hour program that included news bulletins was broadcast to the Indian viewers. But one major drawback of television was that it did not get to experience the original colors of the objects due of the black as well as white transmission. The first multi-color television program was Prime Minister’s message to the nation from Red Fort in Delhi on the 35th anniversary of India’s Independence Day. The identical day DD National channel was created. The goal of this National channel is to encourage the national unity, and instilling pride in Indians. Indian people also watched watching the colorful version Asian Games hosted by New Delhi in their living room. The broadcasting of major events and diverse occasions lend a large hand behind the infiltration of television signals to the nook and corners of the subcontinent. Indian Government has taken every step to increase the coverage of television geographically. In 1983 television signals were accessible to just 28 percent of the population. which had doubled by close of 1985, and by 1990, more than 90% of the population was able to access to television signals. In 1984, DD Metro channel was added to provide an exclusive entertainment option for urban viewers. In the beginning, this channel was limited to metropolitan cities.
As a broadcaster for the public, Doordarshan provided news in a natural and easy to understand way. Every controversial issue was swept under the carpet. The ruling government held a firm grip on the broadcasting of television. Doordarshan news bulletins weren’t able to provide the international news to national viewers. The objective nature of the news was the first loss as news was often biased to fit the political current political party. News was released from the constraints in the DD newsroom and gained in objectivity and credibility when New Delhi Television (NDTV) produced ‘The World This Week’ in 1988. Everyone was waiting eagerly for Friday night to catch “The World This Week”. It was the only Indian-language program that looked to the rest of the world. In the end, World This Week was the best current affairs show on the international scene. It carried good stuff of news, which the standard DD news was failed to do. The program is considered to be one of the best and most well-known television programs. Since 1989, NDTV produces India’s first live television coverage of the country’s general elections. The critical and commercial performance of the coverage establishes a new standard in Indian television. After after the Gulf War the media panorama has completely changed.

Golf War – The Catalyst

Satellite television after 1990 in India has been transnational in character. This was the result of the entry of multinational companies in the Indian markets, under the Government policies of privatization. International satellite TV was launched by India by CNN by way of it’s coverage of Gulf War in 1991. In August 1991, Richard Li launched Star Plus as the initial satellite-based channel that that broadcast the signal to Indian subcontinent. Subhash Chandra’s Zee TV appeared in October 1992. It was India’s very first privately-owned Hindi channel that caters to the interest to Indian viewers. The fire was ignited by Sony and, a bit later by channels from the domestic market like Eenadu, Asianet and Sun TV. Entertainment programs had begun to take center stage in the organization’s plans for programming and advertising had become be the primary source of financing. The original mission of Doordarshan to help in the process of social and economic development had clearly been diluted. Doordarshan had been in a battle with opposition in its news and public affairs programming with international channels such as BBC and CNN. Doordarshan had planned to offer slots for news programmes under the sponsored categories. On February 15, 1995 NDTV became the first producer that is private of the news channel ‘News Tonight’. The show that aired on the government-owned television channel. Doordarshan created a new benchmark for Indian television thanks to its live reporting and relevant visuals. In the same year TV Today Network occupied a 20 minute slot on DD Metro channel and aired the Hindi and current affairs program “Aaj Tak”. The show gained acclaim for its wide coverage and unique style of presentation by Late S. P. Singh. We still remember the message to sign up “Ye Thi Khabar Aaj Tak, Intizar. Kijiye Kal Tak”. The majority of viewers across India had been watching Aaj Tak as a daily routine due to its unique style of news presentation. Apart from that Nalini Singh’s fast-paced five-minute, condensed daily news capsule Ankhon Dekhi, TV Today’s Business Aaj Tak and Newstrack were aired through the Metro channel of Doordarshan. It was during this time period that satellite channels were focusing on entertainment programmes for their respective channels. Doordarshan was still the most sought-after news channel’.

Major Players

The monopoly of Doordarshan was dismantled in 1992, as private television channels entered the Indian boundaries and began to entertain viewers as much as they could. In the beginning of 1990s, the channels aired only entertainment programs. The entertainment programming included comedy and family drama animated children’s shows films, talk shows as well as recipe shows musical performances, non-fiction programmes etc. Private entertainment channels added a few entertainment programs to their Fixed Point Charts (FPC). Keeping the demand of entertainment programs in mind the media houses started producing magazines for entertainment, news, and news programming for various channels. India’s most prestigious business and consumer news broadcaster, and a renowned media content provider, Television Eighteen India Limited (TV18) launched India’s first ever entertainment publication ‘The India Show’ on Star Plus in 1993. The new media powerhouse offered prime time television content for almost all leading broadcasting satellites in India which included BBC, Star Plus, Sony Entertainment Television, Zee, MTV and Discovery. After The India Show, TV18 produced a weekly news show called India Business Report for BBC World. Indian viewers were given very limited options (like the public broadcaster Doordarshan, BBC and CNN) for watching the television news. For televised news, the viewers had to choose Dordarshan and some international news channels such as BBC as well as CNN. In the race to deliver greater news and information, Zee Television jumped into the battlefield by launching the News channel Zee News in 1995. This News and current affairs channel revolutionized the way that news was presented to the public. Since its inception Zee News has endeavoured to be the most efficient in providing news, and is working towards an unifying goal of Sabse Pahle (Always first). The other round-the-clock news channel that is owned by Murdoch Star TV beamed its exclusively 24/7 news channels, Star News in 1998. Star signed a deal of five years with Prannoy Roy-owned NDTV (New Delhi Television Co.) to produce news-related content for the news channel.
The untiring exhaustive coverage of the Kargil war that fought between India and Pakistan received more media attention and attracted more attention towards the electronic channel. This war on television also serves as an example of wartime journalism. In the Kargil war, common citizens saw how their brave Jawans fought despite in dangerous conditions. They were also able to see the battle front live on the solely news channels, Star-TV as well as Zee-News. The live coverage of the battlefield helped to create a euphoria of patriotism among the Indian masses, which later led to the collection of huge funds to support the families of the Kargil martyrs. Every news show catches the attention of large number of viewers. However, the Kargil war draws private broadcasters to make more investments in broadcasting, through the launch of an information channel. In November 1999, TV18 signed a joint 49:51 partnership along with CNBC Asia to launch CNBC India. TV18 is the sole programme provider for CNBC India, and produces 12 hours of local content per day on this 24-hour satellite channel.
After the huge success and success of news program ‘Aaj Tak’, TV Today group launched an all-hour Hindi news channel using the same name , ‘Aaj T’, in December 2000. The channel includes India with wit, humour and plenty of local flavour. Within 11 months from the time it was launched, Aaj Tak emerged as India’s top news channel and was awarded the Best News Channel award from Indian Television Academy Awards. Some mega events apart from regular , interesting news items (such as Kandhahar hijack as well as September 11 attacks, Afghanistan war and attack at Parliament, Iraq war, Godhra carnage and protests) have boosted the viewership. As time passed the NDTV contract for five years with Star group for outsourcing of news and other programming lapsed in March 2003. The contract was due to expire. NDTV started its broadcasting venture by simultaneously launching two 24-hour news channels: NDTV 24X7 , an English news channel and NDTV India – Hindi news channel that targets the Indian diaspora around the world. The news-crazed Indians were able to get more news in a faster pace from various channels. Any unusual happening can be captured by the camera of the TV everywhere from Rastrapati Bhawan to the bedroom. Television journalism’s power was made clearer by the major sting operations like Operation West End and Shakti Kapoor Case. This style of investigative journalism has led to a change in the way we see news in the midst of new concepts of freedom of editorial. The largest family in the world, ‘Sahara India Parivar’ launched 24 hours a day, every day Hindi news channel, Sahara Samay, in March 28th, 2003. This is the first city-specific satellite news channel that covers 31 cities in India that have their own bulletins for city news. In keeping the growing demand for news in mind, the Union cabinet approved the idea to convert the DD Metro to DD news in a cabinet meeting scheduled on October 3, 2003. Following these announcements the launch of the DD-News channel took place on November 3, 2003. You may have noticed those news channels were language specific. But DD’s news channel contains daily round-the-clock news bulletins that are in Hindior English are also broadcast twice a day on the National Network of DD National.


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